I’ve never heard of that. If the spool or guide is synthetic then maybe? I use nothing but braid on my spinning reels and even have one with a plastic spool, no damage to speak of. Or maybe if the guide isn’t a rolling guide maybe it could wear a groove over time? I’ve only seen one spinning reel with a non rolling guide and it was some antique.
Rod tip guides have been known to get groovy like a 70’s disco over time. My understanding is that these are usually almost ancient, or used in tournament fishing where the angler will make more casts by noon than I do in a year. But there’s a whole other class of physics working against the rod tip. And advances in materials have greatly reduced that.
Sure you’re not thinking of digging in, where the top couple of wraps dig into the line below after setting a hook or fighting a stump? That’s a very annoying thing and for me it’s happened more often with a spinning reel because I tend to use a much thinner, lighter line and doesn’t spool quite as tightly as a bait caster.